Sunday, January 29, 2023

UNDP Turkey Jobs

Job Details

Hiring Organization UNDP Turkey
Post Name International Consultant
Qualification Master’s degree in economics, labor economics, social sciences, international development, or closely related fields.
Industry Private
Employment Type Full Time
Work Hours 8 Hours
Salary TRY 8000 To TRY 8200 Per Month
Location Istanbul, Turkey 07460 

Background

UNDP works in more than 170 countries and territories, helping to achieve the eradication of poverty and the reduction of inequalities and exclusion. UNDP supports countries to develop policies, leadership skills, and partnering abilities.

UNDP’s ‘Aid for Trade in Central Asia (Phase-IV)’ is a regional project that aims to promote inclusive growth and job creation through the strengthening of green with a particular focus on export capacities for niche products in agriculture and agro-industrial sectors.

The project aims to help national stakeholders better address challenges caused by rapidly changing global market demands, technological change (automatization, 4th industrial revolution), and climate change.

To ensure that new employment is economically and socially sustainable, the project supports the development of an ecosystem that encourages inclusive labor markets and formal social protection for workers and their families.

The proportion of informal workers in the agriculture sector is still significant (86% of employment in agriculture in, low wages and access to finance and social safety nets are limited compared to workers in formal employment.

For the agriculture and agricultural value chains to become favorite places for employment, the risks of informality and exclusion have to be tackled on several fronts. The adversely impacted both health and socio-economic conditions of people.

Lost income of workers, especially informal workers, due to temporary suspension or permanent loss of jobs, put them at risk of poverty (SDG 1), with a disproportional impact on women.

The need to provide a lifeline for informal workers has emerged as an urgent priority for the governments. Countries with thin social protection schemes have struggled to incentivize vulnerable registries as the first step to formalization.

Moreover, a new suite of macro-economic, fiscal, and structural policies and social protection reforms are needed to incentivize investment in productivity and quality of jobs and facilitate a gradual transition into a formal and revenue base [2].

In this regard, comprehensive research was initiated under the project, that will help to better understand the multi-faceted phenomenon and the profile of informality in three countries of Central Asia, namely Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.

The research will particularly focus on identifying the key drivers of informality in agriculture and agri-industry sectors, the main determinants of informality workers to access social protection, or the formal labor market.

The research will provide a comprehensive analysis of the root causes of informality from the perspective of low productivity, access to finance and public services, and the legal and regulatory framework of the labor and product markets.

The research will ultimately provide evidence for developing a set of policy recommendations and options for consideration by decision-makers related to expanding labor standards and the coverage of social protection in agriculture and agroindustry.

Sectors, promotion of ecosystem which incentivizes decent employment and formal work, including tax policies and other governance mechanisms. The findings shall also inform the project design activities.

In order to have a deeper insight into the situation of workers in agriculture and agro-industrial sectors than the general information provided by the standard research available up to date, the Survey was conducted by the Aid for Trade project in Kyrgyzstan.

Tajikistan and Uzbekistan with the aim to explore the experiences of employers and workers, in particular informal workers specifically focusing on the following issues: what categorizes workers as formal or informal.

What benefits and working conditions do workers expect from government authorities and employers, what challenges workers and employers experience being in the informal economy, and, what incentives for formalizing the employment can be provided.

International consultants, based on summary reports of survey findings will prepare a policy paper depicting the status and main manifestations of informality in Central Asia, and recommendations for tackling it.

The survey findings will help to understand the connection between informal employment and decent (or lack thereof) working conditions in the region. Also, it would provide insightful information to access social protection or formal economy.

The final policy paper will contribute to the policy dialogue for the development of an adequate policy framework and the social contract between employers and workers related to employment and labor standards.

Brief information on the conducted Survey

The goal of the survey was to determine the profile of the workers in agriculture or agribusinesses, by asking questions related to their employment status, access to decent work conditions, and motivation for accepting informal work.

Barriers workers experience to access health, social protection, or formal employment. Questions were classified in accordance with the category of interviewees (employers, female and male workers, policy makers/implementors, regulators, etc.).

Employers and workers were asked to assess the impact of current legislation and other government regulations on their economic activity and work. Some of the questions of the survey were specific to informal workers and dimensions of decent work, such as social security and working conditions.

Survey Respondents and Countries: Policy makers/implementors, workers (formal, informal, seasonal men and women, etc.), and employers in the agriculture and agro-industry sectors in Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, including those ones covered by the Aid for Trade Project.

The Survey company provided the technical report on the conducted surveys in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan with policy makers’, employers’, and employees’ perceptions regarding the key drivers and barriers to informality and access to decent work in agriculture and agroindustry sectors.

Duties and Responsibilities

Scope of Work

The consultant will work under the guidance and supervision of the Inclusive Growth Team Leader at UNDP IRH as well as under the supervision of the Aid for Trade Project Manager. Specific results to be achieved by the consultant are listed below.

Conduct desk review and analyze the survey results and data: Conduct desk review of national data, publications, and policy documents for Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan covering issues such as informal employment.

Working conditions and access to social protection as well as labor protection of agriculture and agri-industrial workers, the entry barriers to access formal labor market e.g., skills levels, tax barriers, low level of productivity, a financial exclusion that aim to identify.

The structural fractures in labor markets and gaps in current policy framework and implementation in all three countries. Review the Technical Report on the results of the conducted survey in three countries and analyze the survey results/data.

Draft the policy paper on “Decent jobs, formalization, and inclusiveness – drivers to improve quality of lives in Central Asia” (30-35 pages) based on three countries’ summary reports of survey findings, which shall contain: Background/Overview of the current situation (2-4 pages)

Succinct analysis of findings, challenges, and key issues (15-20 pages)
Recommend an action plan aiming at tackling (a) informality, (b) improving social protection coverage, and (c) labor protection (8-10 pages) The policy paper should identify key barriers for farmers and agro-processing SMEs in Central Asia.

reasons for informality, low productivity, labor market inequalities, underemployment of vulnerable groups (young, women, older workers, etc.) and develop recommendations on addressing the informality in an integrated manner.

The paper should explore opportunities to make labor markets inclusive: allow and encourage all people of working age to participate in paid work and provide an adequate environment for their professional development.

The tentative structure of the policy paper is as follows (but not limited to):

Introduction

  • Weight of informality in the economies of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan (K, T, and U).
  • Motivation for policy paper Conceptual framework
  • Discussion on informality as an economic and social phenomenon and common drivers and dynamics of informality, including specific gender dimensions.
  • Discussion on the structure of K, T, and U economies with particular emphasis on the employment situation in the agriculture and agribusiness sectors
  • Discussion of where informality is concentrated in K, T, and U
  • A proposed approach to identify main drivers, profiles, and policy recommendations related to informality in K, T, and U
  • Identify hypotheses, for example (preliminary): In K, T and U informality in the agriculture and agribusiness sectors stems from the insufficient capacity of the formal sector to absorb workers.
  • This could mean insufficient capacity in terms of the ability to generate formal jobs, or in terms of insufficient financial capacity/liquidity to face higher labor costs. Other factors to consider could be the migration of rural men and women to larger economies, reliance on remittances, and what that does to the choices and preferences of those who remain in K, T, and U rural economies.
  • Analysis of relevant policy framework in K, T, and U
  • Desk analysis of informality information for K, T, and U
  • Collection of survey data
  • Analysis of data collected
  • Description of survey methodology and analysis of results for:
  • Characterization of profiles of informal workers and firms.
  • Identification of main drivers of informality or barriers for formalization for workers (preferences, options)
  • Identification of main vulnerabilities workers experience in informality
  • Identification of main drivers of informality or barriers for formalization for firms (MSMEs mainly)
  • Identification of spaces for the agency of informal workers and firms including potential mechanisms for articulation and voicing of challenges faced in informality.
  • Identification of policy actions and legislation, implemented or planned, for formalization or social protection of informal workers
  • Main policy objectives
  • Main limitations
  • Assessment of implementation capacity
  • Policy recommendations for addressing informality in agriculture and agroindustry in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.

Validate research findings and finalize the policy paper on “Decent jobs, formalization, and inclusiveness – drivers to improve quality of lives in Central Asia” Validate research findings and recommendations through peer-review, including by the UNDP Inclusive Growth Team at IRH.

And through online consultation sessions with UNDP country offices staff of three countries, regional experts and others to be defined in coordination with UNDP; Present research findings at the online event (policy dialogue/discussion) for national stakeholders of three countries (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan).

Finalize the policy paper
Output and Deliverables
Deliverables/ Outputs

Estimated Duration to Complete

Corporate Competencies:

  • Demonstrates integrity by modeling the UN’s values and ethical standards;
  • Promotes the vision, mission, and strategic goals of UNDP;
  • Treats all people fairly without favoritism;
  • Fulfills all obligations to gender sensitivity and zero tolerance for sexual harassment.
  • Displays cultural, gender, religion, race, nationality, and age sensitivity and adaptability.

Functional Competencies:

  • Strong interpersonal and communication skills;
  • Strong analytical, reporting, and writing abilities skills;
  • Openness to change and ability to receive/integrate feedback;
  • Ability to work under pressure and tight deadlines;
  • Extensive knowledge of the UN System and UNDP mandate;
  • Comprehensive knowledge of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs);
  • Outstanding communication, project management, and organizational skills;
  • Excellent presentation and facilitation skills.
  • Demonstrates integrity and ethical standards;
  • Positive, constructive attitude to work;
  • Ability to work with, and analyze data, using relevant tools/computer programs (Excel, online survey tools) to present findings;

Required Skills and Experience

Qualification:

  • Master’s degree in economics, labor economics, social sciences, international development, or closely related fields.

Experience:

  • At least 5 years of experience working on economic, labor economics, social protection, skills development, or informality issues;
  • At least 3 years of analytical/research experience, which requires the ability to synthesize growth, poverty, inequality, labor market, and social protection data. Experience with the analysis of field survey data is an asset.
  • Hands-on experience of working in Europe and the CIS region or in middle and upper middle-income countries;
  • Experience working on the relevant SDGs

Language:

  • Good command of English both written and spoken.

Knowledge of the Russian language is an asset.
Required Documents

Interested candidates must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications.??

Curriculum Vitae or P11;?
One? example of?a?previous publication;?
Brief description of why the individual considers him/herself as the most suitable for the assignment.??
Duly accomplished Letter of Confirmation of Interest and Availability using the template provided by UNDP;? Does this document also contain a Financial Proposal that indicates the all-inclusive fixed total contract price, supported by a breakdown of costs, as per the template provided.?

Evaluation of Applicants:

Individual consultants will be evaluated based on a cumulative analysis taking into consideration the combination of the applicants’ qualifications and financial proposal.

The award of the contract shall?be made? to the candidate whose offer has been evaluated and determined as a) responsive/compliant/acceptable; and? b) having received the highest score? set? of weighted? technical criteria (70%) and financial criteria (30%).??

The technical criteria consist of a qualification review (education, experience, language) [max. 100 points]??
Financial?score?shall?be computed? as a ratio of the proposal? being evaluated? as the lowest priced qualified proposal received by UNDP for the assignment will be based on a maximum of 30 points.?

Technical Criteria – 70% of total evaluation – max. 70 points: Criteria A (Relevance of education) – max points: 10
Criteria B (Relevance of work experience on social studies, employment, or social protection issues) – max points: 20
Criteria C (Quantitative and qualitative data collection, processing, interpretation, and analysis of data on employment, poverty, growth, inequality, and social protection) – max points: 20;
Criteria D (Interview – assessing technical knowledge, motivation, and communication skills) – max points: 10.
Criteria E (Language) – max points: 10;

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